by Institute of Population Studies, Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok, Thailand .
Written in English
|Statement||by Thienchay Kiranandana.|
|Series||Paper ;, no. 31|
|LC Classifications||Microfiche 89/69324 (H)|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||34|
|LC Control Number||83915942|
INTRODUCTION. The relationship between the infant and child mortality environment and human fertility has been of considerable interest to social scientists primarily for two reasons: (1) The fertility and mortality processes are the driving forces governing population change, so an understanding of the way they are linked is crucial for the design of policies that attempt to influence the Cited by: Additional international and intercultural differences are discussed in the following sections, including fertility and fertility regulation, prenatal care, a comparative view of birth rates in different countries (Table 1), infant and under 5 child mortality (Table 2), and finally, the impact of the modern international infectious disease of. and Urbanization on Fertility." The effects of education on mortality and fertility provide insight into both the determinants of demographic phenomena and the social consequences of education. The evidence is clearest with respect to infant and child mortality. The higher the level of the parents' education, the lower the mortality of their. Climate change will have a substantial impact on the economy [1, 2].There is also a broad consensus that economic factors affect fertility [3–5].Thus, climate change has the potential to affect fertility patterns. 9 Since higher fertility is linked to negative economic outcomes [13, 14], the climate-to-fertility feedback could substantially alter the economic damages from global climate .
Downloadable! We examine the potential for climate change to impact fertility via adaptations in human behavior. We start by discussing a wide range of economic channels through which climate change might impact fertility, including sectoral reallocation, the gender wage gap, longevity, and child mortality. Then, we build a quantitative model that combines standard economic- demographic . Fertility is shown to depend too on child and adult mortality, uncertainty about the sex of children — if there is a preference for boys, girls, or for variety — uncertainty about how long it takes to produce a conception, and other variables. Which would invariably have a positive impact on child survival, but this is not what we observed here. Some studies suggest that the presence of wide spread community-based health planning and services program (CHPS) in the region has the potential to reduce the effect of socio economic differential on child mortality [19,23]. In , facing a total fertility rate of over four births per woman, the Vietnamese government introduced a new policy that required parents to have no more than two children. Using data from the Vietnam Population and Housing Censuses from , , and , I apply a differences-in-differences framework to assess the effects of this policy on family size, son preference, and maternal.
The consequences of maternal mortality on orphaned children and the family members who support them are dramatic, especially in countries that have high maternal mortality like Ethiopia. As part of a four country, mixed-methods study (Ethiopia, Malawi, South Africa, and Tanzania) qualitative data were collected in Butajira, Ethiopia with the aim of exploring the far reaching consequences of. Figures 20 (capital per worker) and and21 21 (income per capita) show that allowing for capital flows (assuming a fixed world interest rate) has relatively little effect on the behavior of income, although it does have a larger effect on the capital stock. 26 With an open economy, the capital stock initially rises somewhat faster (in response. Economic and Investment Models. These models examine the costs and benefits of investing in self and children. For example, Caldwell’s Wealth Flows approach suggests that in traditional agricultural societies, children provide their parents with significant wealth through labor, favoring high fertility, whereas in modern economies children consume wealth, resulting in low fertility. The present study considers that people who regularly experience the impacts of EWEs and disasterrelated child mortality (Nobles et al. ) may prefer to have more children as a positive.